Hexagram with a human figure and devils appears on an illustration from the 14th century C.E. Image was copied from Wikimedia Commons, entry: Category: Kitab al-Bulhan (Book of Wonders, MS. Bodl. Or. 133 manuscript, uploaded by: “Peacay”.
This illustration is included in a collection of Arabic illustration dealing with astrology, astronomy and geomancy. The book was compiled by Abd al-Hasan Al-Isfahani. I reckon, based on the context, that this Hexagram represents a star or a planet.