Thursday, April 03, 2008

Polish Underground Activist’s Jewish badge

The activities of the Polish Underground were widespread and effective, and the Germans retaliated with raids on the civilian population, deporting many thousands of Poles to slave-labor camps and staging public executions. Poles of the Resistance trying to escape the Nazi wrath discovered an odd ally: the Jewish badge.
From:Their Brothers' Keepers by Philip Friedmanp, ISBN-10: 089604002Xp. 37

Yellow Badge Origin

The revival of medieval forms of anti-Jewish legislation in the Nazi era brought to the fore the problem of special marks for Jews. The first suggestion that such marks be instituted probably came from Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the German Security Police, at the historic meeting in

Hermann Göring's headquarters on November 12, 1938 No action on this specific subject was decided upon at this meeting.


Roads to Extinction: Essays on the Holocaust, Philip Friedman, Jewish Publication Society of America, New York, 1980, p. 11

Herbert Lehman Medal

Star of David and the word tzeddek

The above USA Presidential Medal of Freedom was issued in 1974.

Recipient Herbert H. Lehman (1878-1963) Jewish Governor of New York from 1933 until 1942

Designed by Jacques Schnier.

Caption (To do Justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with thy God) around a Star of David and the word tzeddek (justice) in Hebrew.